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Research Steps

Conducting A Successful Research Strategy

Step 1: Define the Question

  • What do I need to know?
  • What do I already know?
  • What questions need to be addressed (who, what, when, where, how, why)
  • Define Purpose and Thesis

Step 2: Plan

  • Develop keywords and strategies to narrow or broaden the search
  • Identify potential print and non-print sources
  • Select information appropriate to the problem or question
  • Determine where the best information is found
  • Decide which resources are reliable

Step 3: Gather and Sort

  • Locate and compile information from a variety of sources
  • Analyze information and distinguish between fact, point of view and opinion
  • Evaluate for accuracy, relevance, and comprehensiveness
  • Sift, sort, compile and record the relevant information

**Remember your original question and stay focused**

Step 4: Synthesize

  • Organize, arrange, rearrange information
  • Draw conclusions and derive meaning from the gathered information

**Remember to stay focused on your question(s)
Repeat steps 1, 2 and 3 as needed**

Step 5: Report and Reflect

  • Present final product
  • Evaluate result
  • How effectively were the original questions answered